Date Validation - Oracle SQL

In Peoplesoft where we read data from the files, especially for inbound interface , conversion and one time data load. Date is usually read as character field in different format and converted to date. We need to validate the date for further processing. It will be good if we can validate date field in SQL (set processing) than the validating using people code (row by row). Oracle doesn't have very useful function IsDate() not sure why.

Lets see how we can do set processing for the date validation.

1) Regular expression came to my mind to check the pattern and validate the date easily.

Select 'X' from dual
Where REGEXP_LIKE ('1999-10-10','^(1920)\d\d[- /.](0[1-9]1[012])[- /.](0[1-9][12][0-9]3[01])$')
 This is simple regular expression which matches only the date format. It doesn't check for leap years and 30,31 days for all the months.

2) Select 'X' from dual
Where NOT REGEXP_LIKE ('2009-2-29','^((((19|20)(([02468][048])([13579][26]))-02-29))((20[0-9][0-9])(19[0-9][0-9]))-((((0[1-9])(1[0-2]))-((0[1-9])(1\d)(2[0-8])))((((0[13578])(1[02]))-31)(((0[1,3-9])(1[0-2]))-(2930)))))$')

This regular expression is quite big difficult right every time correctly. Need to copy paste where ever it is requried.

3) if the regular expression is getting difficult, then can create a PL/SQL function and use that function in the sql to validate.
we can use the above sql itself in the function. or use the following.

function IsDate (str long) return boolean is the_Date date;
the_date := to_date(str,'dd-mon-yyyy'); -- note the correction to date mask from what you had below
RETURN true; -- conversion success
when others then RETURN false; -- conversion failed
In the Peoplesoft Implementation project we can create such function once and can be used in many SQL/Peoplecode/AE's. It is difficult to maintain this procedure in different instances like Dev,FIT,SIT,UAT,PPROD,PROD, but is it worth the effort.



  1. Unknown said,

    Hey Ganesh,

    Write that article on search match please.

    on September 9, 2010 at 11:40 AM